Calling for immediate end to continued killings of and other abuses against Lumad (indigenous) peoples in Mindanao [AIPP’s letter to President Aquino]


    We urge you not to let Lito Abion and the three Higaonon men just be part of the statistics of unresolved cases of killed and abused Lumad human rights defenders and community members.

    20 October 2015

    H.E. Benigno S. Aquino III
    President of the Republic of the Philippines
    Malacañang Palace
    JP Laurel Sr. San Miguel

    Re: Calling for immediate end to continued killings of and other abuses against Lumad (indigenous) peoples in Mindanao

    Dear President Aquino,

    It is with extreme alarm that we received a report that another Lumad leader and human rights defender, Lito Abion, was killed on 28 September in San Luis, Agusan del Sur in Mindanao. On the same day in Claveria, Misamis Oriental, military troops reportedly tortured three Higaonon civilians in the course of an armed encounter between the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) and the rebel New People’s Army (NPA). These incidents occurred while a credible investigation on the spate of killings and other abuses of Lumad leaders and community members and advocates over the last few months is yet to take place. 

    There is a common thread that connects all these killings:

    • The victims are all leaders of Lumad communities who were accused of being members or supporters of the New Peoples’ Army (NPA).
    • The communities where the victims come from are asserting their rights to decide on the kind of development they want while their lands are subject of mining applications.
    • Paramilitary groups, who are themselves from indigenous communities, have been openly campaigning for the entry of mining companies and threatening those opposed to these, often in the presence of state security forces.
    • There is military presence and armed conflict in the vicinity of the victims’ communities in indigenous territories.

    Lito Abion, a member of the indigenous peoples’ organization Tagdumahan that has been resisting entry of mining operations in the ancestral lands of Banwaon and Manobo peoples in the province, had recently returned from a self-imposed sanctuary since 2005. At that time, a certain Mario Napungahan, a tribal leader and former NPA member who was later recruited as a member of the Civilian Auxiliary Force of the Philippine Army, wanted to merge his Certificate of Ancestral Domain Title (CADT) with that of the Tagdumahan’s. He accused Tagdumahan leaders and members who refused to sign the application for a unified CADT as supporters or members of the NPA. Later, four Tagdumahan leaders were killed, forcing Abion to seek sanctuary.  When he returned to his community in 2014, Abion was earning a living as a habal-habal (motorcycle for hire) driver. He was shot dead by two unidentified gunmen last September 28.

    On the same day, the three Higaonon men were gathering wild plants to use for various purposes like medicine, spice, among other things, in Balahan where there was a gunfight between the AFP and the NPA. They had taken cover when they heard gunfire and went out of their hiding place after the gunfight. The military troops saw and apprehended them, then accused them of being members of the NPA. They were abused, beaten and tortured. The military took their photos and their fingerprints, and ordered them to sign a paper – the contents unknown to them – before finally releasing them.

    Mr. President, your country is the first Asian country to legislate the recognition and respect of the rights of indigenous peoples through the Indigenous Peoples Rights Act (IPRA) to ensure that indigenous peoples’ right to determine and decide priorities for their development is respected (Sec. 17, IPRA). Your government has pledged that in periods of armed conflict, the indigenous peoples shall have the right to special protection and security, and that indigenous individuals will not be used against other indigenous communities (Sec. 22, IPRA). It has committed that no military activities shall take place in the lands or territories of indigenous peoples, “unless justified by a relevant public interest or otherwise freely agreed with or requested by the indigenous peoples concerned” (Art. 30, UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP)). It has reaffirmed its commitment to respect, promote and advance and in no way diminish the rights of indigenous peoples and to uphold the principles of the UNDRIP, at the conclusion of the World Conference on Indigenous Peoples in September 2014 (Para. 4, Outcome Document).

    We urge you not to let Lito Abion and the three Higaonon men just be part of the statistics of unresolved cases of killed and abused Lumad human rights defenders and community members. At least thirteen have been allegedly killed by the Philippine Army and paramilitary troops in the past eight months. With Abion, a total of sixty-nine indigenous persons have been killed under your regime with hundreds of cases of harassments and arbitrary detentions and displacement of thousands of Lumads now living in evacuation camps across the region.

    We recall that in response to the killings of three human rights defenders – a school director and two tribal leaders – in Surigao del Sur also in September, UN Special Rapporteurs on the rights of indigenous peoples and on the situation of human rights defenders had called on the Philippine Government to launch a full and independent investigation into the killings. The Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions also endorsed the call. We welcome that the Department of Justice has initiated an investigation into the transgressions against the Lumads of eastern and northern Mindanao in response to pressure inside and outside the Philippines on the issue.

    We call for an independent and transparent investigation to be conducted and broadened to look into the roles of not only the paramilitaries but also the Philippine army in the violence against the Lumads across Mindanao and the root causes of the transgressions in the region.

    Further, we appeal to you to take immediate measures to disband all paramilitary groups, whether these are within the investment defense forces or not, and revoke the Executive Order 546, which legitimizes formation of such paramilitary groups.

    Mr. President, as you move forward with the peace process in Mindanao, let not the Lumad people be left behind. May your efforts in peace building be inclusive of addressing the Lumad peoples’ plight by fully implementing your commitments to the UNDRIP and the Outcome Document.

    We call for your swift action on the matter.

    Ms. Joan Carling
    Secretary General
    Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP)

    Source :

    Target Institution

    Submitted by email to:
    H.E. Benigno S. Aquino III, President of the Republic of the Philippines, [email protected] / [email protected]

    Hon. Jose Luis Martin C. Gasco, Chair, Commission on Human Rights of the Philippines, [email protected], [email protected]
    Hon. Severo Catura, Presidential Human Rights Committee, [email protected]
    Hon. Nancy A. Catamco, Chair, Committee on National Cultural Communities, House of Representatives
    Hon. Luzviminda C. Ilagan, Committee on National Cultural Communities, House of Representatives
    Hon. Loren B. Legarda, Chair, Committee on Cultural Communities, Senate of the Philippines, [email protected]
    Hon. Leila M. de Lima, Secretary, Department of Justice, [email protected], [email protected]
    Ret. Lt. Gen. Voltaire T. Gazmin, Secretary, Department of National Defense 
    Sen. Aquilino Pimentel III, Chair, Justice and Human Rights Committee, [email protected]
    Rep. Guillermo Romarate Jr., Chair, Human Rights Committee, House of Representatives
    Leonor T. Oralde-Quintayo, Chair, National Commission on Indigenous Peoples, [email protected]    
    Hon. Democrito O.  Plaza, Governor, Province of Agusan del Sur, [email protected]   
    Hon. Ronaldo Y. Corvera, Mayor, Municipality of San Luis, Agusan del Sur
    Hon. Yevgeny Emano, Governor, Province of Misamis Oriental
    Hon. Redentor N. Salvaleon, Mayor, Municipality of Claveria, Misamis Oriental

    Organisation/s Involved


    1. CHT Indigenous Jumma Association Australia (CHTIJAA)
    2. Bangladesh Indigenous Peoples Forum (BIPF)
    3. Bangladesh Indigenous Women’s Network (BIWN)
    4. CHT Citizens Committee (CHTCC)
    5. Kapaeeng Foundation (KF)
    6. Analyzing Development Issues Centre (ADIC)
    7. Cambodia Indigenous Peoples Organization (CIPO)
    8. Cambodia Indigenous Youth Association (CIYA)
    9. Highlander Association (HA)
    10. International Council for the Indigenous Peoples of CHT (ICIP-CHT)
    11. Adivasi Gothra Maha Sabha (AGMS)
    12. Adivasi Navajeevan Gathan Navajyoti Agua (ANGNA)
    13. Adivasi Women’s Network (AWN), Jharkhand
    14. Bharat Munda Samaj (BMS)
    15. Boro Peoples Committee for Peace Initiative (BPCPI)
    16. Boro Women’s Justice Forum (BWJF)
    17. Centre for Research and Advocacy, Manipur (CRA Manipur)
    18. Civil Society Women Organization (CSWO)
    19. Indigenous Women and Children Foundation (IWCF)
    20. Indigenous Women’s Forum of North East India (IWFNEI)
    21. Jharkhand Human Rights Movement (JHRM)
    22. Jharkhandi’s Organisation of Human Rights (JOHAR)
    23. Karbi Human Rights Watch (KHRW)
    24. Naga Peoples’ Movement for Human Rights (NPMHR)
    25. Naga Women’s Union (NWU)
    26. Zo Indigenous Forum (ZIF)
    27. Aliansi Masyarakat Adat Nusantara (AMAN)
    28. Jaringan Orang Asal SeMalaysia (JOAS)
    29. SAVE Rivers
    30. Suara Rakyat Malaysia (SUARAM)
    31. Alternative ASEAN Network on Burma (Altsean-Burma)
    32. Chin Human Rights Organization (CHRO)
    33. Kachin Development Networking Group (KDNG)
    34. Shan Women’s Action Network
    35. Federation of Nepalese Indigenous Nationalities Journalists (FONIJ)
    36. Kirat Chamling Language Culture Development Association (KCLCDA)
    37. Kirat Welfare Society (KWS)
    38. Kirat Youth Society (KYS)
    39. Kulung Mimchha Guskham (KMG)
    40. National Indigenous Women’s Federation (NIWF)
    41. Nepal Kirat Kulung Bhasa Sanskkriti Utthan Sangh (NKKBSUS)
    42. NGO-Federation of Nepalese Indigenous Nationalities (NGO-FONIN)
    43. Peoples Unity Young Society (PUYS)
    44. Youth Awareness Society Nepal (YASN)
    45. Youth Federation of Indigenous Nationalities (YFIN)
    46. Asia Indigenous Peoples Network on Extractive Industries and Energy (AIPNEE)
    47. Asia Pacific Indigenous Youth Network (APIYN)
    48. International Indigenous Peoples Movement for Self Determination and Liberation (IPMSDL)
    49. Philippine Task Force for Indigenous Peoples Rights (TFIP)
    50. Cordillera Peoples Alliance (CPA)
    51. Dap-ayan ti Kultura iti Kordilyera
    52. Cordillera Youth Center (CYC)
    53. Anakbayan-Cordillera
    54. Papora Indigenous Peoples Association (PIDA)
    55. Taiwan Association for Rights Advancement for Ping Pu Plains Aborigine Peoples (TARA-Ping Pu)
    56. Inter Mountain Peoples Education and Culture in Thailand (IMPECT)
    57. Network of Indigenous Peoples in Thailand (NIPT)
    58. Centre for Sustainable Development in Mountainous Areas (CSDM)
    59. Vietnam Indigenous Knowledge Network (VTIK)


    1. Aram Pamei – India
    2. William Nicholas Gomes, Human Rights Ambassador for Salem News.Com – United Kingdom