Re: ASEAN’s response to the military coup in Myanmar
As civil society organizations from the ASEAN region, we write to you urging you to use your unique position to influence the situation in Myanmar by taking immediate measures to ensure that the military respects people’s right to peaceful protests and to freedom of expression, that democracy is upheld, and the will of the people respected.
Following the Myanmar military’s illegal seizure of power on 1 February, Commander-in-Chief Senior General Min Aung Hlaing assumed all legislative, executive, and judicial powers under the newly-established State Administrative Council.
A non-violent pro-democracy movement has since grown nationwide, and the Myanmar authorities have responded by cracking down on fundamental freedoms. Hundreds of senior officials from the National League for Democracy (NLD), pro-democracy activists and human rights defenders have been arrested; mobile phone and Internet communications have been heavily restricted; highly repressive legislation, including a draft Cyber Security Bill and revisions to the Penal Code have been adopted; and restrictions on gatherings imposed.
The Myanmar security forces have also increasingly responded with force against peaceful protesters, using live munitions, water cannons and deploying armored vehicles in cities. Given the abuses committed in the past by the Myanmar military under the command of Senior General Min Aung Hlaing, including international crimes against the Rohingya and in other ethnic minority areas, we are seriously concerned about a potentially violent response from the authorities.
We would like to recall to your excellencies the principles of the ASEAN Charter, which includes adhering to the principles of democracy, the rule of law and good governance, as well as the respect for and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms. We also recall the recent UN Security Council statement supporting and encouraging regional organizations, in particular ASEAN, to address the situation in Myanmar.
We welcome the ASEAN Chairman’s statement on the situation in Myanmar, later echoed by the representatives of Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, and Thailand to the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights (AICHR). In addition, we are encouraged by the calls made by the leaders of Indonesia and Malaysia in seeking a special meeting of ASEAN’s foreign ministers to discuss the situation.
However, we urge you to go further by immediately using all diplomatic leverage at your disposal to ensure that the Myanmar military refrains from using violence and imposing further restrictions on freedom of expression and peaceful assembly, as well as to establish a comprehensive response that secures long-term democratic and human rights gains.
Recent developments in Myanmar are disastrous for its people, as well as the region as a whole. They create the potential for thousands of people to flee violence and persecution, as well as a volatile regional environment.
We firmly believe that it is not only crucial, but also in ASEAN’s best interests, to take a strong stance on these urgent and worrying developments. Failure to do so risks further damaging ASEAN’s reputation as an effective regional body that can meaningfully contribute to a strong and viable community of nations.
We draw strength from ASEAN’s productive engagements with Myanmar’s military in the past, most notably in response to the Cyclone Nargis crisis of 2008. We urge ASEAN to recognize that it can be equally helpful to the people of Myanmar today as it was then.
This is the perfect opportunity for ASEAN to demonstrate its political leverage and push for positive developments.
With this in mind, we urge ASEAN to:
- Immediately hold an urgent special meeting to call on the Myanmar military to adhere to the principles of the ASEAN Charter, including the principles of democracy, the rule of law, good governance, and respect for the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms by:
- Immediately and unconditionally releasing all those currently arbitrarily detained;
- Refraining from using violence against protesters and respecting people’s right to privacy and information, freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly;
- Allowing parliament to resume, and elected MPs to fulfil their mandate without impediment;
- Immediately restoring full access to the Internet and all forms of communications; and
- Immediately allowing all humanitarian aid and health support to resume unimpeded.
- Collaborate with the UN Security Council and UN Human Rights Council to immediately send a delegation to the country to monitor the situation and help negotiate a democratic and human rights-based solution;
- Use your position in UN fora, in particular at the UN Security Council and Human Rights Council, to support enhanced monitoring and reporting of the unfolding human rights crisis in Myanmar;
- Impose targeted financial sanctions on the military as an institution, including its businesses and its associates in a manner that respects human rights and gives due consideration to any negative socio-economic impact on the ordinary civilian population, as recommended by the UN Fact-Finding Mission on Myanmar;
- Impose an embargo on the transfer or sale of military arms and equipment to Myanmar; and
- Use all diplomatic leverage and establish a comprehensive response to ensure long-term democratic and human rights change in the country, including by ensuring that:
- The Myanmar armed forces end all violations of international humanitarian and human rights law in ethnic minority and ceasefire areas, and that all civilians are protected;
- Myanmar guarantees the safe, voluntary and dignified return of displaced communities, including the Rohingya, by lifting all arbitrary and discriminatory restrictions on their access to citizenship, freedom of movement, and access to healthcare, education and livelihood opportunities;
- Myanmar fully cooperates with the IIMM and complies with the provisional measures ordered by the ICJ; and
- Institutional and constitutional changes are adopted that would bring the military under civilian control and ensure accountability for human rights violations.
- Alliance for Conflict Transformation
- Arakan CSO network
- ASEAN Parliamentarians for Human Rights
- ASEAN SOGIE Caucus
- ASEAN Youth Forum
- Asia Justice and Rights
- Asian Forum for Human Rights and Development (FORUM-ASIA)
- Association of Human Rights Defenders and Promoters
- Backpack Health Workers Team
- BALAOD Mindanaw
- Burma Medical Association
- Burmese Women’s Union
- Child Rights Coalition Asia
- Chin Human Rights Organization
- Commission for the Disappeared and Victims of Violence (KontraS)
- Cross Cultural Foundation
- Democracy, Peace and Women Organization
- Equality Myanmar
- Freedom and Labor Action Group
- Generation Wave
- Genuine People’s Servants
- Global Partnership for the Prevention of Armed Conflict
- Human Rights Educators Network
- Human Rights Foundation of Monland
- Indonesia Legal Aid Foundation (YLBHI)
- Initiatives for International Dialogue
- Kachin Women’s Association Thailand
- Karen Affairs Committee
- Karen Environmental and Social Action Network
- Karen Grassroots Women Network
- Karen Human Rights Group
- Karen Peace Support Network
- Karen Refugee Committee
- Karen Rivers Watch
- Karen Student Network Group
- Karen Teacher Working Group
- Karen Women’s Organization
- Karenni Human Rights Group
- Karenni National Women’s Organization
- Karenni Refugee Committee
- Keng Tung Youth
- Let’s Help Each Other
- Maramagri Youth Network
- Myanmar Civil Society Core Group on ASEAN
- Myanmar People Alliance
- Network for Human Rights Documentation – Burma
- Olive Organization
- Pa-O Women’s Union
- Pa-O Youth Organization
- Peace Institute
- People’s Empowerment Foundation
- Philippine Alliance of Human Rights Advocates
- Progressive Voice
- Pusat KOMAS
- Shan MATA
- Society for the Promotion of Human Rights (PROHAM)
- Southern Youth Group
- Task Force Detainees of the Philippines
- The Alliance of Independent Journalists
- The Seagull: Human Rights, Peace and Development
- Think Centre
- Thwee Community Development Network
- TRANSCEND Pilipinas
- Triangle Women
- Women’s League of Burma
The Asian Forum for Human Rights and Development (FORUM-ASIA) is a Bangkok-based regional network of 81 member organisations across 21 Asian countries, with consultative status with the United Nations Economic and Social Council, and consultative relationship with the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights. Founded in 1991, FORUM-ASIA works to strengthen movements for human rights and sustainable development through research, advocacy, capacity-development and solidarity actions in Asia and beyond. It has sub-regional offices in Geneva, Jakarta, and Kathmandu. www.forum-asia.org
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