New York-based rights group Human Rights Watch (HRW), on Friday urged all United Nations member-states to press Vietnam to make verifiable commitments to improve its dismal human rights record at the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) in Geneva last February.
The UPR is a process all UN member states undergo every four years to assess each country's human rights situation.
An initial Human Rights Watch assessment of Vietnam's human rights situation in practice was submitted to the United Nations Human Rights Council on June 20, 2013, followed by an update made public in December 2013. HRW also released its annual report on Vietnam on January 21, 2014.
According to the HRW, each document concluded that the Vietnamese government continues to systematically violate rights in vital areas such as freedom of expression, association, assembly, religion, labor rights, land tenure rights, and the right to a fair trial. They also noted that Hanoi frequently imprisons critics, such as human rights, land rights, and democracy activists, including members of newly-founded civil society organizations.
"The Vietnamese government has made many human rights promises, but it has delivered very little," said Juliette de Rivero, Geneva advocacy director. "Now is the time for UN member states to make it clear that the current situation is unacceptable and to insist that Hanoi dramatically improve the way it treats its people."
Vietnam was elected to the UN Human Rights Council on November 12, 2013, accepting the obligation to "uphold the highest standards in the promotion and protection of human rights," as set forth in United Nations General Assembly Resolution 60/251.
In its campaign for council membership, Vietnam pledged to respect and promote human rights by concrete implementation of the country's constitution and laws. On November 7, Vietnam signed the UN Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment – but it has not yet ratified it, and has taken few other steps to meet its obligations.
In a blatant effort to quash criticism, Vietnamese citizens calling for reforms have faced ugly retaliation, Amnesty said.
According to Amnesty, the Vietnamese government sent security forces in early December to violently break up peaceful gatherings in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City to mark Human Rights Day, where activists attempted to distribute copies of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the convention against torture.
The government followed this up with a series of assaults on bloggers, democracy activists, and land rights protesters, sometimes attacking them in their homes. The government has also prevented members of Vietnamese civil society organizations planning to travel to Geneva for the UPR from leaving the country.
"The UN Human Rights Council should stand with brave activists who are challenging a one-party state to end systematic abuses," de Rivero said. "Governments should publicly press Vietnam to engage constructively with civil society, fulfill its international human rights obligations, and allow Vietnamese people to peacefully demand fundamental change."